greek mythology meme: [3/7] gods
Although her mother’s identity is a subject of great debate, most agree that Athena was born in full battle-gear from Zeus’s head, and gave a mighty war-cry. Her eyes were said to be terrifyingly bright and either grey or blue, and she carried the head of a gorgon on her shield to intimidate and scare her enemies. In any case, Athena was the virgin goddess of wisdom and crafts, but at the same time a goddess of war and heroics.
get to know me meme || (01/10) monarchs: Zenobia of Palmyra
Zenobia (בת זבי/Ζηνοβία/الزباء) was a 3rd century Queen of the Palmyrene Empire (now Syria). Born in 240 A.D., she was the daughter of Zenobius, a Governor of Palmyra. Zenobia claimed to be a descendant of Cleopatra VII Philopator of Egypt, Dido of Carthage and Sampsiceramus, King of Emesa, through Drusilla of Mauretania. She is said to have had a dark complexion, shiny white teeth and bright black eyes – more beautiful than Cleopatra even. She was well-educated, spoke Greek, Aramaic and Egyptian and had a good understanding of Latin as well. Zenobia was also described as carrying herself like a man, riding, hunting and drinking on occasion with her officers
Zenobia was the second wife of King Odaenathus of Palmyra and following his and his oldest son’s deaths in 266 A.D., she assumed regency of Palmyra on behalf of her young son, Vaballathus. During this time, she conquered new territories and increased the Palmyrene Empire greatly. In 269 A.D., Zenobia conquered Egypt, expelled the Roman authorities and ruled as Queen of Egypt until 274 A.D. where she and her son were captured by the Roman Emperor Aurelian. Apparently she appeared in golden chains at Aurelian’s military triumph parade in 274, but the further destiny of Zenobia remains unknown. Some versions suggest that she died soon after her arrival in Rome, whether from illness, hunger strike or beheading. Others say that Aurelian, stricken with her beauty and dignity, granted her freedom and an elegant villa in Tibur where she spent the rest of her days. Zenobia is largely known as the greatest warrior queen in history.
mythology meme: [2/8] myths, legends, and stories
↳ pandora’s box
Although the phrase ‘Pandora’s box’ is the most common in popular use, the term ‘Pandora’s jar’ would be more appropriate. The misconception was born some time during the 16th century when Erasmus of Rotterdam translated the original Greek text into Latin.
In classical Greek mythology, Pandora is the first human woman, created by Hephaestus at the command of Zeus. All the gods bestowed some kind of a blessing to her: Athena gave the skill for weaving and produced clothes for Pandora; Aphrodite gave charm and beauty; Hermes gave the power of speech, curiosity, and her name, Πανδώρα, (which means ‘all-gifted’ or ‘all-endowed’) to signify the unique gifts she received from the gods. She was also given a large jar (πίθος) and told not to open it under any circumstances. She was presented to Prometheus’s brother Epimetheus, who accepted her, although his brother had warned him not to accept any gifts from the gods. Of course, Pandora’s inquisitive nature gets the best of her and she opens the jar, releasing all sorts of woes unto the world to torment humankind. Only Hope remains in the jar.
Apollo || God of the Sun
The son of Zeus and Leto, and the twin brother of Artemis. Apollo was the god of music (principally the lyre, and he directed the choir of the Muses) and also of prophecy, colonization, medicine, archery (but not for war or hunting), poetry, dance, intellectual inquiry and the carer of herds and flocks. He was also a god of light, known as “Phoebus” (radiant or beaming, and he was sometimes identified with Helios the sun god). He was also the god of plague and was worshiped as Smintheus (from sminthos, rat) and as Parnopius (from parnops, grasshopper) and was known as the destroyer of rats and locust, and according to Homer’s Iliad, Apollo shot arrows of plague into the Greek camp. Apollo being the god of religious healing would give those guilty of murder and other immoral deeds a ritual purification. Sacred to Apollo are the swan (one legend says that Apollo flew on the back of a swan to the land of the Hyperboreans, he would spend the winter months among them), the wolf and the dolphin. His attributes are the bow and arrows, on his head a laurel crown, and the cithara (or lyre) and plectrum. But his most famous attribute is the tripod, the symbol of his prophetic powers.
Apollo could also be ruthless when he was angered. The mortal Niobe, boasted to Apollo’s mother Leto, that she had fourteen children (in some versions six or seven), which must make her more superior than Leto, who had only bore two. Apollo greatly angered by this slew her sons, and Artemis killed Niobe’s daughters. Niobe wept so much that she turned into a pillar of stone. Apollo was infuriated when the satyr Marsyas challenged Apollo to music contest. After winning the competition, Apollo had Marsyas flayed alive, for being so presumptuous, as to challenge a god.
In art Apollo is at most times depicted as a handsome young man, clean shaven and carrying either a lyre, or his bow and arrows. There are many sculptures of Apollo and one of the most famous is the central figure from the west pediment of the Temple of Zeus, at Olympia, showing Apollo declaring victory in favor of the Lapiths in their struggle against the Centaurs.
MYTHOLOGY MEME - [9/?] GREEK GODS/GODDESSES: APOLLO
"Phoebos Apollo, radiant and shining archer,
Pythian Apollo, Lord of Delphi and oracles,
Delian Apollo, Lord of the Island of Delos,
Averter of evil, Rescuer, Protector of strangers,
Divine healer, Far-shooter.
Beautiful, terrible god of truth and light.”
MYTHOLOGY MEME / (2/4) Titans
In Greek mythology, ATLAS is the personified quality of endurance. In one tradition, Atlas led the Titanes in a rebellion against Zeus and was condemned to bear the heavens upon his shoulders. In another, he was said to have been appointed guardian of the pillars which held earth and sky asunder. He was also the god who instructed mankind in the art of astronomy, a tool which was used by sailors in navigation and farmers in measuring the seasons. These roles were often combined and Atlas becomes the god who turns the heaven on their axis, causing the stars to revolve.